FUNCTIONS OF NATIONAL CHILDREN AUTHORITY

  • Advise Government on the formulation of a National Child Protection Policy and Child Rights Programs.
  • Create awareness on the right of a child to be protected from abuse and develop methods of preventing child abuse.
  • Consult relevant Ministries, Local Authorities, Districts and Divisions, Public and Private sector organizations, and recommend all such measures as are necessary for the purpose of preventing child abuse and for protecting and safeguarding the interests of the victims of such abuse.
  • Recommend legal, administrative or other reforms required for the effective implementation of the National Policy for prevention of child abuse.
  • Monitor the implementation of laws relating to all forms of child abuse.
  • Monitor the progress of all investigations and criminal proceedings relating to child abuse.
  • Recommends measures to address the humanitarian concerns relating to children affected by armed conflict and the protection of such children, including measures for their mental and physical well-being and their re-integration into society.
  • Take appropriate steps where necessary for securing the safety and protection of the children involved in criminal investigations and criminal proceedings.
  • Receive complaints from the public relating to child abuse and where necessary, refer such complaints to the appropriate authorities.
  • Advise, co-ordinate and assist the government and local authorities, and non-governmental organizations in campaigns against child abuse.
  • Prepare and maintain a national database on children.
  • In consultation with the relevant ministries and other authorities, supervise and monitor all religious and charitable institutions which provide child care services to children.
  • Conduct, promote and co-ordinate, research in relation to child abuse and child protection.
  • Provide information and education to the public regarding the safety of children and the protection of the interests of the child.
  • Engage in dialogue with all sections connected with tourism with a view to minimizing the opportunities for child abuse.
  • Organize and facilitate workshops, seminars and discussions, relating to child abuse.
  • Liaise and exchange information with foreign governments and international organizations, with respect to detection and prevention of all forms of child abuse.

Background of National Children Authority

  • The Authority traces its way back in the 1990 when the world Summit for Children was held, less than a year after the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by the United Nations General Assembly.
  • The Summit adopted a Declaration and a Plan of Action, which included 27 goals for the survival, development and protection of children.
  • Led by 71 heads of state and 88 senior government officials, Including a delegation from Uganda led by President Yoweri.K.Museveni, the 1990 Summit issued its document, “World Declaration and Plan of Action on Survival, Protection and Development of Children”.
  • On ratification of the CRC, Uganda prepared a framework document for implementing the CRC, the UNPAC, aimed at translating Child Survival, Protection and Development targets into government policies and sectoral plans.
  • In committing themselves to pursue these goals, the leaders of the world agreed to be guided by the principle of a ‘first call for children’ a principle that the essential needs of children should be given high priority in the allocation of resources, in bad times as well as in good times, at national and international as well as at family levels.
  • In 1996 National Council for Children (NCC) was created by government to coordinate and monitor all issues pertaining to children under the NCC Statute of 1996.
  • After wide consultations with key stakeholders, consensus was reached to restructure the NCC to make it financially independent and more autonomous, in order for it to carry out its role of providing a structure and mechanism for proper coordination, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes relating to the Survival, Development and Protection of children’s rights.
  • Consequently, a Cabinet Memorandum showing details of the proposed bill to amend the NCC Statute of 1996 was written by the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development for consideration by Cabinet.
  • It proposed that NCC be replaced by a new body to be called Uganda National Children Authority (UNCA)